Publication Articles

“Who Moved My Cheese “?- A Survival Guide on Segmentation & Annotation Tools for Radiologists to adapt to AI Revolution.

Educational Exhibit at the European Congress of Radiology, Vienna, 2019

(Note: images here are for representation only. Please write to us in case you would like the actual images)

Learning objectives

We present a review of various software and algorithms that can be used by radiologists to accurately delineate regions of interest and extract them from medical imaging data. We present a comparison of their power, efficiency, and easiness.

Background

Image Segmentation is as a sub-field of Computer Vision, wherein certain pixels in an image are extracted or ‘segmented out’ creating ‘digital partitions’ within the images. Classically, this process is used to identify objects and boundaries in images, by tagging and subsequently categorizing pixels according to certain characteristics. Another example is of a framework called an active contour model, popularly called ‘snakes’, which
helps separate the foreground object from the noisy background. While segmentation is the separation of image data into various components on the basis of a combination of properties such as grey scale level and contrast, for complete visual recognition one needs to recognize or ‘tag’ the different components so as to be clinically applicable; this latter process is called annotation.

Findings and procedure details

Introduction

Description of Software

Open-Source Software

  1. 3D Slicer
  2. ITK Snap
  3. ImageJ

Commercial Software

  1. Mimics
  2. Amira
  3. Labelbox
User interface of ITK SNAP displaying labelling of white matter lesions in a case of multiple sclerosis
Master scene view from 3D slicer displaying segmentation of arteries of Circle of Willis on MRa
Graphical user interface of Image J software

Conclusion

Some of the popular software has been discussed here based on their UI, features, efficiency and workflow integration into Artificial Intelligence models. While different software have their pros and cons, it is imperative to choose the one which best suits your requirements, budget as well as technical skill set