Evaluating the Role of Tc99m Sestamibi Scan in Parathyroid Surgery: A 10-Year Institutional Experience

(RSNA 2018, Wed Nov 28 2018 3:50PM – 4:00PM ROOM Z44)

PURPOSE

In this study we aim to evaluate the (99mTc) sestamibi parathyroid scan as a single localizing modality, and we also assess its relation to the weight of the gland and to the preoperative parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels.

METHOD AND MATERIALS

We reviewed 744 patients from our hospital from 2007 to 2017, with a mean age of 56.6 years and a female to male ratio of 3.3:1. With primary hyperparathyroidism, all of them had (99mTc) sestamibi parathyroid scan for the localization of the parathyroid adenoma. Preoperative and postoperative PTH levels were recorded. The histopathology reports confirmed the diagnosis and weight of the diseased gland, which were recorded every time. The results were analyzed and correlated with the sestamibi results, to evaluate its accuracy.

RESULTS

506 patients (68%) of the 744 had an exact match (EM) sestamibi results, 227 (30.5%) had a partial match, and only 11 patients were reported as mismatch. Analyzing the mean weight of the gland in each group between matching (EM, PM) versus mismatch resulted in a mean difference of 0.823 g (1.05 and 0.247 g, respectively) P = 0.045. Hyperplasia to adenoma ratio was more in the partial matching group (18.5%) versus the exact matching group (7.6%). Finally the mean PTH level was higher in the EM group (36.8 pmol/L) compared to the mismatch group (10.1 pmol/L) P = 0.02. Overall sensitivity and specificity for the (99 mTc) sestamibi in our data was 98.1 and 97%, respectively.

CONCLUSION

(99mTc) sestamibi is a highly accurate test that can be employed as a single localizing modality for identifying a hypersecreting parathyroid, a parathyroid adenoma, or a parathyroidectomy. The weight of the gland plays an important role in the accuracy of the test, as also the preoperative PTH levels.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE/APPLICATION

(99mTc) sestamibi is a highly accurate test that can be employed as a single localizing modality for identifying a parathyroid adenoma.