A Comparative Analysis of Myocardial Perfusion on Gated SPECT versus Coronary Atherosclerosis and Calcium Score on 64-Slice CT

(RSNA 2018, Sun Nov 25 2018 11:05AM – 11:15AM ROOM Z44)

PURPOSE

The aim of the current study was to compare the results of 64-slice CT and gated SPECT on a regional basis (per vessel distribution territory) in patients with known or suspected CAD.

METHOD AND MATERIALS

Three hundred and seventy five patients underwent both gated SPECT for myocardial perfusion imaging and 64-slice CT for coronary calcium scoring and coronary angiography. The coronary calcium score was determined for each coronary artery. Coronary arteries on multislice CT angiography were classified as having no CAD, insignificant stenosis (<50% luminal narrowing),significant stenosis, or total or subtotal occlusion (>90% luminal narrowing).Gated SPECT findings were classified as normal or abnormal (reversible or fixed defects) and were allocated to the territory of one of the various coronary arteries.

RESULTS

In coronary arteries with a calcium score of 10 or less, the corresponding myocardial perfusion was normal in 96 %. In coronary arteries with extensive calcifications (score > 400), the percentage of vascular territories with normal myocardial perfusion was lower, 48%. Similarly, in most of the normal coronary arteries on 64-slice CT angiography, the corresponding myocardial perfusion was normal on SPECT in >94%. In contrast, the percentage of normal SPECT findings was significantly lower in coronary arteries with obstructive lesions (<57%) or with total or subtotal occlusions (<10%) (P < 0.01). Nonetheless, only 42% of vascular territories with normal perfusion corresponded to normal coronary arteries on multislice CTangiography, whereas insignificant and significant stenosis were present in, respectively, 40% and 18% of corresponding coronary arteries. CONCLUSION Although a relationship exists between the severity of CAD on multislice CT and myocardial perfusion abnormalities on SPECT, analysis on a regional basis showed only moderate agreement between observed atherosclerosis and abnormal perfusion. Accordingly, 64-slice CT and gated SPECT provide complementary rather than competitive information, and further studies should address how these two modalities can be integrated to optimize patient management. CLINICAL RELEVANCE/APPLICATION Accordingly, 64-slice CT and gated SPECT provide complementary rather than competitive information.